Index


PART I - 1827 TO 1845

1827

A Trading Town, 5; Commissioners; appointed to lay it out, 6; The appearance of the proposed site, 6; Location of houses prior to sale of lots, 6; Springs arid scenery along the river banks, 7; Appearance of the river, 7; Indians fishing, 7; Indian territory, 8; An old writer's description of the locality, 8; Natural advantages, 8; Extent of the wagon and river trade, 8; The future prospects of Columbus, 9.

1828

Interest abroad in reference to Columbus, 9; Complaint against tardy action of Commissioners, 10; Population early in the year, 10; Indians, 10; The Enquirer established, 10; Advantages of the place for new corners, 11; River improvement and State Engineer's report, 11; First sale of lots, 12; Improvements, 12; Population at the close of year, 13; First person buried in Cemetery, 13; Fourth July celebration, 13; First manufacturing establishment, 13; First steamboat,. 14; Hotels, l5; Presidential vote, 15; The first bale cotton sold, 13; Court and county officers and grand jurors, 15; County senator and representative, 15; M. B. Lamar, 16; Walter T. Colquit, 16; Marriages and deaths, I6; Business and professional men, 16,17; Quotations of merchandise, 17.

1829

Town incorporated and election of town officials, 17; Election of county officers, 17; Town fisheries, 18; First ordinance of the municipal government, 18; Northern and southern mail, 18; Remaining town lots sold, 18; Certain named streets to be cleared, 18; Improvements of. Columbus, 18, 19; Apprehension of Indian troubles, 19; Road laid out from Decatur to Columbus, 19; First bank organized, 19; Steamboat arrivals during year, 19; Mr. E. Avery drowned, 19; Great rise of the Chattahoochee, 20; W. A. Spalding drowned, 20; Temperance society organized, 20; County senator and representative elected, 20; First load of new cotton, 20; Jurisdiction of Superior Court, 20; Town tax, 21; Military companies, 21; Fourth July celebration, 21; Marriages and deaths,. 21; Names of business and professional men, 21,

1830

Continued improvement, 22; Population, 22; Early difficulties of steamboat navigation, 22, 23; Removal of Indians agitated, 23; The first fire, 23; Debating society, 23; Municipal election, 23; New paper, 23; Controversy with U. S. army officer, 23; Discovery of gold, 23; Fourth July and Ma sonic celebrations, 24; County senator and representative, 24; First steam boat arrival of the winter, 24; County officers and grand jurors, 25; Julius C. Alford, 25; Ulysses Lewis, 2o; Marriages, deaths, merchants and professional men, 2(i; Quotations' of cotton and merchandise, 2fi.

1831

Increasing business, 2C; Municipal election, 27; Farmers' Bank of Chattahoochee organized, 27; Fire company formed, 27; A large dwelling burned, 27; Indians suffering from small-pox and want of food, 28; Presbyterian church dedicated, 28; Local causes of sickness, 28; Mail routes, 28, 29; Names of steamboats, &c., 29; Muskogee Bible Society, 29; Fourth July celebration, 29; Columbus Volunteers organized, 29: Cotton, 30; County senator and representative, 30; Personals, 30; Quotations, 30; Merchants, &c., 30, 31; Marriages and deaths, 31.

1832

First bridge across Chattahoochee, 32; Municipal officers, 32; Duel between 'Gen. S. Woolfolk and Maj. J. T. Camp, 32, 33; 100th anniversary of Washington's birthday, 33; Congress donates land for bridge abutment in Alabama, 33; Purchase of Marshallville (Girard), 34; Export trade, 34; Financial condition of banks, 35; General prosperity, 35; Legislative enact ment for Mayor's Court, 35; Gin factory started, 35; Indian treaty and proposed removal of Indians, 33, 34; Bank of Columbus, 36; Fourth July celebration, 36; Female Academy and other schools, 36; Cholera alarm, 36; Presidential election, 36; Cotton, 36, 37; Personals, 37; Spring and fall grand jurors, 37; County officers, 37; Marriages and deaths, 38; Business and professional men, 38.

1833

Steady business year, 39; High political excitement, 39; Municipal officers, 39; Inferior Court judges, 39; Dread of cholera, 39, 40; Maj. Camp killed by Col. Milton, 40, 41; Indian territory, 41; Russell county formed, 41; Market house burned, 41; Steamboat Georgia sunk, 42; Cotton and other quotations, 42; Sam'1 R. Andrews, 42; Dr. S. M. Ingersoll, 42; Seaborn Jones, 42, 43; John Godwin 43; Sol Smith, 44; Personal notices, 44, 45; Marriages and deaths, 45.

1834

Town of Girard (Marshall's Reserve) laid out, 45, 46; The bridge question, 46, 47; Number of steamboats, 47; Bank of Chattahoochee suspends, 47; Episcopal association formed, 47; Business lively, 48; Steamer Columbus, jr., sunk, 48; Ice company, 48; Enquirer, 48; B.A.G. Lucas killed by an Indian, 49; Death of Rev. John Baker, 49; Fourth July, 49; Merchant Mills, 49; Steamboat Van Buren sunk, 49; Mayor's court repealed, 49; State Rights Auxiliary Association, 50; Marriages and deaths, 50, 51; Business men, 51.

1835

Municipal election, 51; Indian troubles increasing—many opposed to moving, Rev. Mr. Davis shot, and a child butchered by Indians, 52; Meeting of citizens and proceedings of their action, 52, 53, 61; Columbus Guards mustered U. S. service, and roll of company, 54, 55; Steamboats Eloisa and Versailles burned, 55; Southern Planter, 55; Severe winter, 55; Proposals to build Episcopal Church, 55; Pigeon Roost Mining Co., 55, 56; The great racer, John Bascomb, 56; Cotton, 56; Personal notices, 56; Marriages, 56; Merchants, 57.

1836

Removal of portion of Indians, 57; Indian hostilities commenced, battle of Hitchity, names of killed, 58; Excitement in Columbus, 58, 59; Military companies formed, 59; Indians sullen and in arms, 59; Major Flournoy killed, 59; People flocking to Columbus, 60; Confusion and dismay, 60; Steamer Hyperion attacked, and pilot killed, 60; How news was received, 60; Town guarded, 61; Stages attacked, 61; Sam'1 G. Hardaway, his perils and escape, 61, 62; Number of troops at Columbus, 62; Oglethorpe House used as barracks, 62; Distressing scenes, 62, 63; Situation at the time, 63, 64; Gen. Scott, 64; Names of Georgia companies arrived, 65; Attack on steamer Metamora, 65, 66, 67; Gov. Schley's course, 67; Jim Henry, 67, 68; Object of the Indians, 68; Accounts from the Indians, 69, 70; Hotly contested engagement—names of killed and wounded, 70, 71; Generals Scott and Jessup's plan, 71, 72; Large numbers of Indians captured or surrendered, 72; Jim Henry, 72, 73; Fight at Quarles' plantation, 73, 74; Escape of Indians, 74, 75; Official account, 75, 7(5; Columbus made a city—first mayor and city officials, 76; A city watch, 7G; Small-pox, 77; Leasing the commons, 77; Fisheries, 77, 78; Cotton, 7W, 79; Farmers bank, 78; Steamer Ohioan burned, 78; Indians hung, 78, 79; Girard lots sold, 79; county senator and representatives, 79; Judge Shorter, 79; Methodist Conference, 79; List of licenses, 79, 80.

1837

A year of panic—Columbus affected, 80; Speculators and prospectors, 81; City government, 81; Improvement of the Chattahoochee, 81; Episcopal Church, 81; Hotels crowded, 82; City census, 82; Ward system adopted, 82; Survey of city, 82; Report of surveyor, 82, 83, 84; Sewer contracts, 84; Western commons and water privileges, 84; City taxes, 84; Warren street, 85; Chattahoochee Railroad and Banking Co., 85; City's subscription and action thereon, 85, 86; Incidents, 86, 87; County officers elected, 87; Jim Henry, 87; Business and professional men, 87, 88; Marriages and deaths, 88.

1838

City election, 89; Banks requested to suspend—action on same, 89; Planters and Mechanics Bank, 89; Farmers' Bank of Chattahoochee, 90; Large subscription loan to Chattahoochee Railroad and Banking Co.—the Bank's condition. 00; The city issues change bills, 90; New Court House commenced, 90, 91; Mayor's salary, 91; Donation to Charleston fire sufferers, 91; Burials, 91; River improvements at Woolfolk's, 91; New Market House, 91; Girard contesting for trade, 91; Effort to have factories, 91, 92; Census, 92; Court House burned, 95; Incidents, 95, 96, 97; Cotton, 97; City's financial condition, 97; County officials, &c., 97; Merchants, 97; Marriages and deaths, 98, 99.

1839

Remarkable year in the history of Columbus, 99; City government, 99, 100: County officers, 100; Bridge "contract system, 100; Sewers and commons, 100, 101; Council assumed patrol service, 101; Woolfolk's Bar and Uchee Shoals, 101; Fire protection, 102; Military companies, 102; Lyceum organized, 102; Incidents, 102; Chattahoochee Bank, 102; Cotton, 103; County senator and representatives, 103; Marriag s and deaths, 103, 104, 105.

1840

Increasing business, 106; Political excitement and Presidential vote, 106; County senator and representatives, 106; Municipal election, 106; Repeal, of enrollment ordinance, 107; Health officers, 107; Bridge contracts, 107; City issues $20,0110, 108; Difficulty about bridge with Russell county, 108; Cotton, 108; Cotton caterpillar, 108,109; New Court House accepted, 109 ,Incidents, 109, 110; Paper in Girard, 109; Steamer LeRoy blown up, 110; Financial condition of Columbus banks, 110; Quotations, 110, 111; County officers and grand jurors, 111, 112; Mechanics, 111, 112; Marriages and deaths, 113, 114, 115.

1841

Failure of the Chattahoochee Railroad and Banking Co., 115; Bonds (not negotiated) and mortgage returned to city, 117; Municipal election, 116; A political tie in Council. 11C; Board of Health, 117; Harrison freshet, 117; Bridge washed away, 117, 118; Temporary ferriage, 118; Contract for re-building the bridge, 118; Lease and sale of water lots, 118; Water lots contract consummated, 119; Powder magazine, 119; Controversy with Dr. Ingersoll in regard to a river dam, 120; Resumption of specie payments, 120; Cotton, 120; Muscogee Insurance Co., 120, 121; Hibernian Benevolent Society, 121; County officers, 121; County senator and representatives, 121; Enquirer, 121; Business and professional names, 121; Marriages and deaths, 122, 123.

1842

Tie for Mayor, 124; City officers elected, 124; City guard—Board of Health, 124; Taxes levied, 125; Improving public square, 125; Destructive fire and list of sufferers, 125, 126; Unsuccessful effort to procure fire engines, 126, 127; Mayor authorized to negotiate a loan, 127; Remaining water lots offered for Bale, 128; Peeling in favor of Texas, 12S; Muscogee Blues and Columbus Guards, 128; Board of Trade, 129; Debt of Muscogee County, 129; Cotton, 129; County election, 129, 130; Grand jurors, spring and full terms, 12!l, 130; Merchants and other names, 130, .131; Marriages and deaths, 131, 132, 133; Number of deaths, 133.

1843

Municipal election, 133, 134; City officers' salaries reduced, 134; Killing of Col. Hepburn by Gen. McDongald, 134; Guard duty, 134, 135; Banks and agencies, 135; Lease of south commons, 135; Hook and Ladder company —roll of members, 135, 136; Robbery of the Western Insurance and Trust Co., 136, 137; Sale of remaining water lots, 138; City's indebtedness, 139; Loan of §30,000, 139; Deaths, 139; Names of steamers and boxes, 139; Cotton, 139, 140, 141; Incidents, 140; Enquirer, 141; County senator and representatives, 141; St. Andrew's Society, 141; Marriages and deaths, 142, 143, 144,145.

1844

Heavy cotton receipts, 145; Municipal government and salaries, 145, 146; Health officers and fire wardens, 146; First fire engine company, 140, 147; City taxes, 147; Valuation of real estate, 147; Effort to supply city with water, 147, 148; Petition for lots for an asylum, 148; Sewers, 148; Number of business and industrial establishments, 148, 149; Near a Harrison freshet, 14!); Henry Clay's visit, 149, 150; Phoenix Bank of Columbus, 150; Columbus Lodge I. O. O. F., 150, 151; Fourth July celebration, 151; The Methodist Church and Bishop Andrews, 151; County election, 151; Schools, 151, 152; Times, 152; Lamentable occurrences, 152; Marriages and deaths, 152, 153, 154.

1845

Municipal election and salaries, 155; Health officers, 155; Port and fire war dens, 15G; Appraisement of real estate, 156; Financial condition of city, 156; Quotations of currency, 157; Fireproof warehouses, 157; Enlargement of cemetery, 157; Appropriation for fire engine house, 157; Extent of cotton manufacturing, 158; Meeting of citizens in reference to water lot contract with Messrs. Howard and Echols, 158; Bridge troubles with Girard, 159, 160; Railroad projects eastward, 160, 161; Small-pox excitement, 161; Muscogee census, 162; City census, 162; Hotels, 162; Manufacturing feel ing, 162; Destructive fire, 162, 163; Steamboats, currency, M. & W. P. K. K., 163; Cotton, 164; Incidents, 164,165; County officers, 165; Enquirer, 165; Times, grand jurors, graduates of Slade's Institute, 166; County senator and representatives, 167; Alien Lawhon, 167; John Fontaine, 167; Gen. D. McDougald, 167; Marriages and deaths, 168, 169.

PART II - 1846 TO 1865

1846

The Lower Bridge, page 5; Orphan Asylum, 6; Organization of City light Guards, 6; Columbus Military Companies which served in Mexico, 6; City election, 7; "The Great Fire," 9, 10, 11; Incidents, 12; Personal, 13, 14, 15; Marriages, 15; Deaths, 15.

1847

City Election, 17, 18; Destructive Fires, 18, 19; Location of Muscogee Railroad Depot, 20; City Subscription and the Muscogee Railroad, 21, 22; Howard Manufacturing Co., 22; Incidents, 22, 23; Personal, 23, 24; Marriages and Deaths, 24, 25, 26.

1848

Election and Salaries, 26, 27; Organization of Fire Co. No. 2, 27; City subscription to Muscogee Railroad, 27, 28; City census, &c., 28, 29; Livery Stables burnt, 29; Cotton and grocery quotations, 30; Incidents, personal, marriages and deaths, 30, 31, 32, 33.

1849

City's Prospects, 34; Election, 34, 35; Finances, 35; Fires, 35,36; Columbus Factory, 3G; Winter's Flouring (Palace) Mills, Temperance Hall, 36; Receipts of Cotton, 37; Incidents, personal, &c., 37, 38, 39, 40, 41.

1850

City election and salaries, 41, 42; Municipal taxes, 43; Mobile and Girard Railroad, 43; Incidents, personal, &c., 43, 44, 45, 46, 47.

1851

Municipal election and city's finances, 48; Population, 49; Water Works and estimates, 49; Subscription to Mobile and Girard Railroad, 49, 50; Plank Roads, 50; Incidents, personal, &c., 50 to 54.

1852

City election, 55; Value of real estate, 56; Opelika Branch Railroad, 56, 67; An Artesian Well, 57; Gas Company, 57, 58; Incidents, personal, &c., 58 to 62.

1853

City Officials, 63; Water Works question, 63, 64, 65; Status of Railroad Subscriptions, 65, 66; Incidents, personal, &c., 66 to 71.

1854

Change in city election, 71; A deputy sheriff killed, 72, 73; Opelika Branch Railroad Depot, 73, 74; Additional subscriptions to Mobile and Girard Railroad and Opelika Branch Railroad, 74; Visit of ex-President Fillmore, 74; Incidents, &c., 75 to 80.

1855

City Finances, 81; Sale of city stock in Muscogee Railroad, Opelika Branch Railroad finished, 81; Incidents, 82; Personal, &c., 83 to 86.

1856

The annual city election, 86; Assets and liabilities of the city, 87; Uptown Bridge, 88; Incidents, &c., 88 to 93.

1857

Close Railroad Connections, 94; Military Companies, 94; The great sixteen mile race, 95, 96; Incidents, &c., 94 to 101.

1858

Prosperous Year, 101; Report of Finance Committee, 103; Great revival of religion, 105; Fatal Railroad Disaster, 106; Incidents, &c., 104 to 109.

1859

The new mode of city election, 110; The new bridge question, 110, 111; New Railroad projects, 111, 112; The Market question, 112; Destructive Warehouse Fires, 113; Temporary Synagogue consecrated, 113; Incidents, 112 to 115.

1860

Indebtedness of the city, 117; Eagle Factory purchases the Howard, 118; Subscription to the Opelika and Talladega Railroad, 119; Tax Returns of the County, 119; Political excitement, 119,120; Incidents, &c., 120 to 126.

1861

Lively municipal contest, 126, 127; Political excitement, 127; Companies and muster rolls of same for the war, 128 to 142; Industries of the city, 142, 143; "Confederate Prices," 143; Incidents, &c., 143 to 147.

1862

City officials for the year, 148; Large meeting of citizens, 148; "Muscogee" and "Price Volunteers" and rolls of same, 149, 150; Home Military Company, 150; Cavalry companies and regimental officers, 150; Columbus Rebels and roll of same, 151, 152; Minute Boys, 153; Mounted Partisan Rangers, 152, 153; Warehouse burnt, 153; Incidents, &c., 153 to 157.

1863

Municipal officers, 157; Destructive fires, 158; Local defense, 159; Independent Home Guard, 160; Registration of voters, 160; Incidents, personal, &c., 161 to 165.

1864

Unusual business activity, 166; Gen. Rosseau's raid, 167, 168; Incidents, &c., 168 to 173.

1865

Feverish excitement, 174; Prices in January, 174, in February, 176; Incidents, personal, &c., 175 to 177; The Wilson raid, 178 to 185.

Columbus, Ga.





Source: Columbus, Georgia from its Selection as a Trading town in 1827 to its Partial Destruction by Wilson's Raid in 1865, compiled by John H. Martin, Published by Thos. Gilbert, Book Printer and Binder, Columbus, GA, 1874

Transcribed by Judy White 2014©